The Constitution for the United States of America
Section 8 - Paragraph 17
To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock-yards, and other needful buildings:
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States,
This is Washington D. C., the District of Columbia, and is quite properly administered by the Federal Legslature because it is not a part of any State.
and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;
It is very understandable that the Federal Government should be entitled to exercise exclusive Legislation power over such land and buildings as they need for their efficient operation.
Just tell me where the millions of acres of BLM, Forest Service, National Park Service, and other Government controlled land, fits in the restriction to Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other Needful Buildings.
The Federal Government is strictly precluded from owning or controlling land for any purposes other than the said Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Building, just as is indicated above. All other land, including National Forests and Bureau of Land Management Property, within the boundaries of a State, is and must be administered by the State wherein the property is located.
Our Founding Fathers specifically restricted what land the Federal government could own. Even then, the Federal government had to purchase the land from the State, with the approval of the State Legislature. Further, the Constitution stipulates that all new States will become members of the Union on an equal footing with all other States. This is not true of the Western States where the vast majority of the land within the boundaries of the State was simply taken by the Federal government.
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